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Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses

By: Molly Schwichtenberg

The people in ancient Greece had many strong beliefs and ritual observances that governed how they lived. Their mythology centered around gods that resembled humans and displayed human-like feelings. Greek gods lived within a society of their own, which ranked them according to their powers and authority. The gods were divided according to their domains, which included the earth, the sea, and the heavens, but they were free to roam as they pleased. Greek mythology was not focused on spiritual teachings; rather, it told stories about why the world was as it was.

Gods and Goddesses

The gods and goddesses of Greek mythology were in charge of the universe, ruling from their place at the top of Mount Olympus. The leader, Zeus, ascended to power when he overthrew the leader of the Titans, Cronus, who was also his father.

Demigods and Demigoddesses

When the Greek gods united with mortals and had children, the resulting descendants were known as demigods and demigoddesses. These individuals were mortals with extraordinary qualities and powers.

Titans

The Greek Titans were the children of Uranus and Gaea, primordial deities who personified the sky and the earth, and their descendants. The original Titans were Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, Oceanus, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Tethys, Thea, and Themis.

Trials and Tribulations

The demigods and demigoddesses were said to have gone through a variety of trials and tribulations at the hands of the Greek gods.

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